Stanford Physicists Xiao-Liang Qi and Leonardo Senatore won New Horizons in Physics Prizes for their outstanding contributions to fundamental physics.
Qi’s work in condensed matter physics looked at physical properties of certain quantum phases of matter called topological states. His work on topological insulators may lead to advances in novel methods of computation such as quantum computing.
Senatore, a cosmologist, investigated the causes of inflation, the short period of time after the Big Bang during which the universe expanded to around its current size. His research provides a possible theoretical basis for inflation, describing the forms of matter that might have caused it.