The Supersymmetric Index and its Holographic Interpretation
The supersymmetric index of N=4 SU(N) Super Yang-Mills is a well studied quantity. In 2104.13932, using the Bethe Ansatz approach, we analyzed some family of contributions to it. In the large N limit each term in this family has a holographic interpretation - it matches the contribution of a different Euclidean black hole to the partition function of the dual gravitational theory. By taking into account non-perturbative contributions (wrapped D3-branes, similar to Euclidean giant gravitons), we further showed a one to one match between the contributions of the gravitational saddles and this family of contributions to the index, both at the perturbative and non-perturbative levels. I'll end with newer results, concerning the form of these terms at finite N, new solutions to the Bethe Ansatz equations (i.e. additional contributions to the index beyond the ones described in that paper), and some ongoing effort to classify all the solutions to these equations.