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Quantum Error-Detection at Low Energies

March 18, 2019 - 2:00pm to 4:00pm
Varian Physics - Room 355

Burak Şahinoğlu of the California Institute of Technology will give the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics (SITP) Monday Colloquium.

Abstract: Motivated by the close relationship between quantum error-correction, topological order, the holographic AdS/CFT duality, and tensor networks, we initiate the study of approximate quantum error-detecting codes in matrix product states (MPS). We first show that using open-boundary MPS to define boundary to bulk encoding maps yields at most constant distance error-detecting codes. These are degenerate ground spaces of gapped local Hamiltonians. To get around this no-go result, we consider excited states, i.e., we use the excitation ansatz to construct encoding maps: these yield error-detecting codes with distance Ω(n^{1−ν}) for any ν∈(0,1) and Ω(log n) encoded qubits. This shows that gapped systems contain -within isolated energy bands- error-detecting codes spanned by momentum eigenstates. We also consider the gapless Heisenberg-XXX model, whose energy eigenstates can be described via Bethe ansatz tensor networks. We show that it contains - within its low-energy eigenspace- an error-detecting code with the same parameter scaling. All these codes detect arbitrary d-local (not necessarily geometrically local) errors even though they are not permutation-invariant. This suggests that a wide range of naturally occurring many-body systems possess intrinsic error-detecting features. Joint work with Martina Gschwendtner, Robert König and Eugene Tang, which can be found at arXiv:1902.02115 [quant-ph]

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Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics
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